Peru’s Sacred Valley, “El Valle Sagrado” is an Incan paradise of over 100km found within the foothills of the Urubamba Valley, stretching from the town of Pisac to Machu Picchu. It is home to many small villages like Chinchero, Urubamba and Ollantaytambo, along with attractive and colorful markets, salt mines, ancient agricultural terraces, and plentiful rivers with trekking routes for adventurous souls. The Sacred Valley is rightly named so as it has the best land in the region for agricultural purposes. Throughout the Sacred Valley the altitude climbs to 3772mts. and boasts one of the best climates in the region with temperatures varying between 19° and 24° Celsius daily. This was one of the main reasons why the Inca decided to take advantage of the area, such as in Maras, for their agricultural experiments like circular, crater-like terraces with micro-regions for different crops, which you can still view and marvel at, even today.